Haryana is a state located in northern India.
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Haryana is surrounded by Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh to the east, which are defined by holy river Yamuna, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north and Rajasthan to the west and south.
The state also surrounds Delhi on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi.
A large area of the state is included in the National Capital Region (NCR). Two emerging cities - Gurgaon and Faridabad are close to Delhi and major hubs for IT and software industry.
The Madhyama Dis (Middle Region) of the Later Vedic Period was the birthplace of the Hindu religion.
The land was the home of the legendary Bharata dynasty, which gave India its Hindi name, Bharat.
The epic battle between the Kauravas and Pandavas, recorded in the Indian epic poem, the Mahabharata, took place at Kurukshetra (a place in Haryana).
Haryanvis (people of Haryana) are simple, straight-forward, enterprising and hard-working.
Preserving their old religious and social traditions; they celebrate festivals in traditional fervor.
Above all, it is the hospitality of the people which attracts people from across the globe to explore the state with nosiness.
Haryana is one of the most agrarian states in India covered with wheat and milk production.
The vast plains that stretch between river Indus and Gangetic belt have fertile soil and hence have improved the crop productivity of the country.
The industrial revolution in the state can not be overlooked.
Haryana is also home to Maruti Udyog Limited, India's largest automobile manufacturer and Hero Honda Limited, the world's largest manufacturer of two-wheelers in Gurgaon.
Climatically, the state of Haryana has three major seasons. The summers are the hottest months (April to June) when the mercury normally remains over 40°C.
This is followed by the monsoon, which continues from July to September.
The average annual rainfall in the state is 580 mm. The winter months are extremely cold with the temperature hovering around 5°C most of the time from November to February.
The climate of Haryana is continental, with extremes of heat in summer. The weather remains hot in summer and markedly cold in winters.
The rainfall in the region is low and erratic except in parts of the Karnal and Ambala districts.
The rainfall is unevenly distributed, with Shivalik Hills region being the wettest and the Aravalli Hills region being the driest. About 80% of the
rainfall is recorded in the monsoon season (July-September) and sometimes causes local flooding. The autumn crop and spring sowing depend on the season from June to the end of September and the other is the winter rains which occur from December to February, benefiting the Rabi crop.
The best season to visit the state is during the spring seasons from February to April and August to November. Light cotton clothes are recommended for the summer months whereas woolens are required for the winters.